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Men haven’t any such duty or obligation to care for children from society, and this discrimination lays a heavy burden, especially on women from a decrease socio-economic standing. It has a population of approximately 5.7 million individuals and gained independence in 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The majority of the population, approximately 89 p.c of the nation, are Muslims. Women comprise sixteen.8% of the Turkmen Parliament, and domestic legislation guarantees women the best to political participation. However, the precise participation of girls in authorities is stifled by the curtailing of nongovernmental organizations .

Reports indicate that readers of these information sources have been warned throughout interrogations that, since these sites stay banned within the nation, reading them constitutes against the law. They are being questioned as to why they go to those sites, whether they frequently follow their information and whether or not they give information to them. Azatlyk disclosed that social media users have acquired calls on to their cellphones by the authorities and, at occasions, have even acquired a visit at home. If the Turkmen government’s arm overseas is lengthy, at home it appears to be ubiquitous, because it has effectively eradicated any form of opposition to the regime and ended all free media. It so occurred that, since returning to Turkmenistan after ending his research, Kerim has been harassed by the authorities, who accused him of getting been a part of the Gülen motion, too, and of writing articles for international media shops. In the mind of the authorities, censorship helps to guarantee political stability and the sturdiness of the regime by controlling what information Turkmen residents have – or, extra precisely, don’t have – entry to. However, the brand new documents seen by openDemocracy reveal how the regime is trying to trace its residents abroad, as well as at house.

In latest years, President Niyazov referred to as for the closure of hospitals outside the capital and replaced 1000’s of nurses with young navy conscripts. Although it’s unclear whether and how these presidential orders have been executed, their implementation would additional limit entry of the hundreds of thousands of ladies in Turkmenistan to preventive, curative, and reproductive health care. They generally have assigned roles in society and reduced rights compared to men. Study of women’s rights in the nation is made troublesome by government censorship and lack of reliable, official information.

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It is governed by the Handball Federation of Turkmenistan and takes part in international handball competitions. Turkmenistan is an autocratic state with restricted opportunities for selling good governance and democratic reform. While the Government of Turkmenistan has expressed sturdy interest adopting best practices and models from other international locations, the general democratization process remains sluggish. The government operates in a highly bureaucratic method and limits interactions with foreign government officials. The country’s small civil society sector has restricted international interactions, and many actions must be pre-accredited by the Government of Turkmenistan.

In February, Berdymukhamedov met a vice chairman of a German technology agency, from which Turkmenistan had been allegedly seeking know-how that might enable the government to watch and block cellular and satellite communications and internet entry. The Turkmen government has not responded to a United Nations Human Rights Committee request for data, communicated to the authorities in 2019 relating to the case of the Ruzimatov family, family members of a former official who has emigrated. Authorities have banned Rashid Ruzimatov and his spouse, Irina Kakabaeva, from traveling abroad since 2003, and his son Rakhim since 2014. In June, Murad Dushemov was detained in Ashgabat and placed underneath house arrest, following his YouTube attraction for the exiled opposition to unite.

Many women maintained the ideologies of equality that were taught within the Soviet Union. Women and men have been thought of equal, and were to be handled equally underneath the State. When Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty conducted a road interview asking women about their ideas on their roles in society, the responses had been surprisingly positive. However, there are also generational variations in these practices, between women introduced up within the Soviet period and young Turkmen women at present – born after the independent of the State.

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5.2.1 Proportion of ever-partnered women and women subjected to bodily and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate companion in the earlier 12 months. Since many Turkmen men reside at or close to subsistence level, the size of the qalin places considerable economic turkmenistan women stress on their households and limits free selection of marriage partners. Traditional families may also use the qalin to limit their daughters’ decisions of mates by charging undesirable potential grooms a bride value they cannot meet.

Avoid potentially compromising conditions and discussions of delicate information. Pirated software program, music, and films are broadly available on the black market.


One, Pygambergeldy Allaberdyev, was sentenced in September to 6 years’ imprisonment on fabricated expenses of hooliganism and bodily harm for his hyperlinks to activists abroad. The workshop saw excessive-stage participation from both governments with opening remarks from the Salvadoran Secretary of Commerce, Jorge Miguel Kattán; Salvadoran Minister of Economy, Maria Luisa Hayem; CLDP Deputy Chief Counsel, Joe Yang; and the U.S. Following the workshop’s inauguration, consultants showcased best practices for efficient coordination among businesses, consolidation of knowledge related to import and export procedures, and uniform publication of data across company websites. In addition to authorities-to-authorities displays, the Salvadoran private sector representatives shared their expertise navigating web sites of Salvadoran commerce ministries and advised areas for enchancment.

The authorities prohibits unauthorized importation of the Quran and the Bible, although approved imports of these and another religious texts had been approved sometimes, including in the course of the yr. The authorities continued its ban on subscriptions to international periodicals by nongovernmental entities, although copies of nonpolitical periodicals appeared occasionally within the bazaars. The authorities maintained a subscription service to Russian-language outlets for government employees, though these publications weren’t available for public use. The constitution supplies for freedom of expression, including for the press, however the government did not respect this proper. According to CT, surveillance of activists and their relatives consisted of wiretapping, monitoring of postal correspondence, and periodic visits by district law enforcement officials. The authorized code requires the federal government to hand over investigative and judicial documents to the defendant and translated into their native language or into one other language they communicate.

The huge task of caring for the household, which frequently consists of hauling water and caring for animals along with every day cooking, cleansing, and childrearing, makes the prospect of including work exterior the home unappealing. The economic and social upheaval that followed the breakup of the Soviet Union compelled people in Turkmenistan and elsewhere to restructure social and familial roles. The country’s poor economic situations pressure parents to make tough choices about whom to ship to high school, and they typically give desire to sons over daughters. In actuality, President Niyazov has assumed the powers of all branches of presidency.

Certain authorities positions required language exams, and all authorities positions required a household background check going again three generations. Civil society members reported the country retained a powerful cultural bias in opposition to women in positions of power and management, making it tough for some women to secure managerial positions primarily based on their gender. Although the regulation defines social protection insurance policies for individuals with disabilities and establishes quotas and workplaces for individuals with disabilities, it was not broadly enforced. Members of the incapacity rights neighborhood reported that persons with disabilities had been typically unable to search out passable employment due to unofficial discrimination. There was no data on discrimination towards inner migrant employees.

Each of these had been individually acknowledged underneath UNHCR’s mandate between 1998 and 2002. Mandate refugees are required to renew UNHCR certificates with the federal government yearly. The government did not tolerate criticism of government policy or the president in educational circles and curtailed research in areas it thought-about politically delicate, corresponding to comparative legislation, history, ethnic relations, and theology. On June 25, CT reported the Ministry of National Security monitored the house of human rights activist Natalya Shabunts for 2 weeks.

In circumstances in which it had interests regarding a person citizen, the state used the judiciary to impose court docket orders. Persons and organizations might attraction adverse choices to regional human rights our bodies, however local courts have been unlikely to reverse selections despite successful appeals. report, gender equality isn’t carried out properly despite the fact that it’s acknowledged under the country’s legislation. There can be an absence of proper government records of violent incidents against women which demonstrates how the acquisition of girls’s empowerment in Turkmenistan is not easy.